©2020 by Sebastian W. Pattinson.

Complex Additive Materials Group

We are based in the Department of Engineering at Cambridge and use materials chemistry, additive manufacturing, and computational design/learning to realize entirely new devices and materials whose structure and composition is optimized from the nano- to the macro-scale to improve interaction with the human body and enhance lives.

 

If you are interested in either a Ph.D. or postdoctoral position please get in touch!

Image: Felice Frankel

RESEARCH

 

Group Members

DIGITALLY TAILORED MEDICAL DEVICES

Producing wearable and implantable medical devices that better mimic and integrate with patients/wearers. 

LEARNING 3D PRINTERS

Understanding how machine learning approaches can improve the capabilities of 3D printers.

MATERIALS FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

Developing new materials whose structure and composition are engineered across multiple length scales to enable unique functionality. 

 

Sebastian Pattinson

Principal Investigator

University Lecturer (Assistant Professor)

Douglas Brion

PhD Student (Starting October 2019)

I studied Electronic and Information Engineering at Imperial College London where I developed an optical-based, automatic error detection system for FDM 3D printers. Subsequently, I have been working on software and tooling for 3D printers, recently developing a cloud-based platform for remote control, monitoring and data acquisition. 

Zehao Ji

PhD Student (Starting October 2019)

Zehao graduated from University of Sheffield with BEng in Mechanical Engineering in 2018 and continued his study with MRes Ultra Precision Manufacturing at Cambridge in October 2018. During the MRes year, Zehao did his mini-project in Online optical in-situ characterization of the FDM process.

PhD Student (Starting October 2019)

Zehao graduated from University of Sheffield with BEng in Mechanical Engineering in 2018 and continued his study with MRes Ultra Precision Manufacturing at Cambridge in October 2018. During the MRes year, Zehao did his mini-project in Online optical in-situ characterization of the FDM process.

Zehao graduated from University of Sheffield with BEng in Mechanical Engineering in 2018 and continued his study with MRes Ultra Precision Manufacturing at Cambridge in October 2018. During the MRes year, Zehao did his mini-project in Online optical in-situ characterization of the FDM process.

Sebastian Pattinson

University Lecturer (Assistant Professor)

Before joining the Department, Sebastian was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT where he developed 1) new additively manufactured devices whose structure and composition are designed to improve interaction with the human body 2) scalable and sustainable methods for 3D printing cellulose, the world's most abundant organic polymer. He received Ph.D. and Masters degrees in the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy at the University of Cambridge, where he developed synthesis methods to control the structure and function of nanomaterials. His awards include a UK Academy of Medical Sciences Springboard award, US National Science Foundation postdoctoral fellowship; UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Doctoral Training Grant; MIT Translational Fellowship; and a (Google) X Moonshot Fellowship.

Xijin Hua

Postdoc

Dr Xijin Hua obtained his PhD degree from the Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (iMBE) at University of Leeds, where he worked on the stratified design, development and biomechanical analysis of orthopaedic hip implants. He was then working as a research fellow in iMBE, focusing on the biomechanical analysis of articular cartilage in natural hip joint through imaging technique, finite element analysis and parameterised modelling. Before joining the Department, he was a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellow in the Institute for Biomechanics, ETH Zurich, working on the multiscale computational biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, soft tissue and hip joint through coupling a multibody dynamics model of the human body, a finite element model of hip joint and articular cartilage, and a finite element model of the fluid flow within hip joint. His awards include a Fully-funded International Research Scholarship, an European Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship, and an Imaged-based Biomedical Modelling Fellowship.

Douglas Brion

PhD Student

I studied Electronic and Information Engineering at Imperial College London where I developed an optical-based, automatic error detection system for FDM 3D printers. Subsequently, I have been working on software and tooling for 3D printers, recently developing a cloud-based platform for remote control, monitoring and data acquisition. 

Zehao Ji

PhD Student

Zehao graduated from the University of Sheffield with a BEng in Mechanical Engineering in 2018 and continued his studies with an MRes in Ultra Precision Manufacturing at Cambridge in October 2018. During the MRes year, Zehao did his mini-project in Online optical in-situ characterization of the FDM process.

Masters Student Projects: George Anderson, Mark Golab, Imogen Connor-Helleur, Katherine Cook, Zehao Ji, Kiril Krastev, Karl Marback.

UROP Projects: Karen Poon, Shan Tan-Ya.

Alumni

 

Publications

  1. S.W. Pattinson, M.E. Huber, S. Kim, J. Lee, S. Grunsfeld, R. Roberts, G. Dreifus, C. Meier, L. Liu, N. Hogan,  A.J. Hart, Printed Materials with Locally Tailored Elasticity for Compliant Wearable and Implantable Devices, Advanced Functional Materials 2019, 29, 1901815. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201901815
    Won 1st Prize at 2017 MIT Mechanical Engineering Research Exhibition 
    Won Best Poster Prize at 2017 MIT Materials Day Symposium
    Press Coverage: 3D Printing Industry, ScienceDaily, Becker's Hospital Review
     

  2. S.W. Pattinson, A.J. Hart, Additive Manufacturing of Cellulosic Materials with Robust Mechanics and Antimicrobial Functionality, Advanced Materials Technologies 2017, 2 1600084. DOI: 10.1002/admt.201600084  
    Selected as 1 of 10 articles featured as “Best of Advanced Materials Technologies 2017”
    Press Coverage: MIT Technology Review, Materials Today, Science Daily, 3DPrint.com 
     

  3. B. Viswanath, M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, S.W. Pattinson, E.S. Polsen, F. Laye, D.N. Zakharov, E.A. Stach, A.J. Hart. Real-Time Environmental TEM Investigation of Self-Organization and Mechanical Competition in Carbon Nanotube Forest Growth, ACS Nano 2016, 10, 11496-11504. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b07251
     

  4. D. N. Zakharov, M. Bedewy, V. Balakrishnan, S. W. Pattinson, E. R. Meshot, A. J. Hart and E. A. Stach, Fast Imaging of Carbon Nanotube Growth by Environmental TEM, Microscopy and Microanalysis 2015, 21, 2327-2328. DOI:10.1017/S1431927615012416
     

  5. E. Polsen, D. McNerny, B. Viswanath, S.W. Pattinson, A.J. Hart, High-Speed Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing of Graphene using a Concentric Tube CVD Reactor, Scientific Reports 2015, 5, 10257. DOI: 10.1038/srep10257
     

  6. S.W. Pattinson, B. Viswanath, D. Zakharov, J. Li, E.A. Stach, A.J. Hart, Mechanism and Enhanced Yield of Carbon Nanotube Growth on Stainless Steel by Oxygen-Induced Surface Reconstruction, Chemistry of Materials 2015, 27, 932-937. DOI: 10.1021/cm504209u
     

  7. P. Gebhardt,* S.W. Pattinson,* Z. Ren, J. Elliott, D. Cooke, D. Eder. Crystal Engineering with Graphene. Nanoscale 2014, 6, 7319-7324. DOI: 10.1039/C4NR00320A 
    *equal contribution
     

  8. S. Boncel, S.W. Pattinson, V. Geiser, M.S.P. Shaffer, K.K.K. Koziol. En Route to Controlled Catalytic CVD Synthesis of Densely Packed and Vertically Aligned Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube Arrays. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 2014, 5, 219-233. DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.5.24
     

  9. S.W. Pattinson, R.D. Rivas, A.H. Windle, C. Ducati, E.A. Stach, K.K.K. Koziol. In-situ Observation of the Effect of Nitrogen on Carbon Nanotube Synthesis. Chemistry of Materials 2013, 25, 2921-2923. DOI: 10.1021/cm401216q
     

  10. S.W. Pattinson, A.H. Windle, K.K.K. Koziol. Facile Processing of Zeolite Based Catalyst Support for Carbon Nanotube Synthesis. Materials Letters 2013, 93, 404-407. DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2012.10.119
     

  11. S.W. Pattinson, V. Ranganathan, H.K. Murakami, K.K.K. Koziol, A.H. Windle. Nitrogen-Induced Catalyst Restructuring for Epitaxial Growth of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes. ACS Nano 2012, 6, 7723-7730. DOI: 10.1021/nn301517g
     

  12. C. Chatzikomis, S.W. Pattinson, K.K.K. Koziol, I.M. Hutchings. Controlled Patterning of Carbon Nanotubes via Inkjet Printing. Journal of Materials Science 2012, 47, 5760-5765. DOI: 10.1007/s10853-012-6467-2
     

  13. S.W. Pattinson, K. Prehn, I.A. Kinloch, D. Eder, K.K.K. Koziol, K. Schulte, A.H. Windle. The Life and Death of Carbon Nanotubes. RSC Advances 2012, 2, 2909-2913. DOI: 10.1039/C2RA00660J
     

  14. Z. Ren, E. Kim, S.W. Pattinson, K.S. Subrahmanyam, C.N.R. Rao, A.K. Cheetham, D. Eder. Hybridizing Photoactive Zeolites with Graphene: a Powerful Strategy to Superior Photocatalytic Properties. Chemical Science 2012, 3, 209-216. DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00511A
     

  15. S. Neocleus, S.W. Pattinson, A.M. Moisala Motta, A.H. Windle, D. Eder. Hierarchical Carbon Nanotube-Inorganic Hybrid Structures involving CNT Arrays and CNT Fibers. Functional Materials Letters 2011, 4, 83-89. DOI: 10.1142/S1793604711001609
     

  16. L. Li, M. Krissanasaeranee, S.W. Pattinson, M. Stefik, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, D. Eder.Enhanced Photocatalytic Properties in Well-Ordered Mesoporous WO3. Chemical Communications 2010, 46, 7620-7622. DOI: 10.1039/C0CC01237H

UK Academy of Medical Sciences Springboard Award (2020)

•    £100,000 award as well as participation in mentorship and training program.

•    Every UK university may put forward 3 candidates each year.

•    27% of candidates from this pre-selected pool are successful.

MIT Materials Day Symposium Best Poster Prize (2017)

  • Best Poster prize awarded to 3 out of 80 entries by MIT postdocs and graduate students.

  • $500 prize awarded for poster on printed mesh.

 

MIT Mechanical Engineering Research Exhibition Best Overall Prize (2017)

  • 1st place out of over 70 entries by MIT MechE postdocs and graduate students.

  • $500 prize awarded for poster on printed mesh.

 

X (formerly Google X) Moonshot Fellowship (2017)

  • Program for scientists/engineers to help X assess early pipeline projects.

 

NSF Innovation Corps Travel Award (2016)

  • $1,500 to attend surgeons’ conference.

 

MIT Translational Fellowship (2015)

  • Competitive postdoc program that provides salary for one day per week to pursue commercialization of MIT technology.

 

NSF Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability (SEES) Postdoctoral Fellowship (2014 - present)

  • 15 fellowships awarded among 119 applicants.

  • Selection based on standard 15-page NSF-format proposal that I solely developed.

 

MIT Mechanical Engineering Department Micro/Nano Conference Best Poster Prize (2014)

  • 1st place out of 35 entries by MIT MechE postdocs and graduate students.

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Doctoral Training Grant (2008 - 2012)

  • Similar to NSF Graduate Research Fellowship.

Cambridge Nano Doctoral Training Centre Associate Travel Grant (2010)

 

Cambridge Univ. Entrepreneurs £5k Challenge Grand Prize (2010)

  • £5,000 awarded to 4 out of 40 teams, including entries by academics and postdocs.

 

Royal Academy of Engineering Sponsorship (2010)

  • To attend Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining materials entrepreneurship conference.

 

EPSRC Sponsorship (2009)

  • Award to attend “Ignite” start-up incubator program at Cambridge business school.

EPSRC Masters Training Grant (2007 - 2008)

  • Awarded to 2 out of 18 students.

  • Similar to NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

 

Selected Awards

The MIT Scientists Making 3D Printed Fabrics as Soft as Skin, 2019

Engineers 3D print flexible mesh for ankle and knee braces, 2019

MIT 3D-printing technique could produce highly customized ankle braces, hernia mesh, 2019

3D Printing Industry, MIT develops method to 3D print abundant natural polymer cellulose, 2017

3D Print.com, 3D Printing: Inside MIT, 2017

 

Sydney Morning Herald, Medical 3D printing saving soles, one at a time, 2017

 

Materials Today, New Process for 3D Printing of Cellulose, 2017

 

Nano Werk, 3D- Printing with Cellulose, 2017

 

The Hindu, The Green Option for 3D Printing, 2017

 

R&D Magazine, 3D Printing with Plants, 2017

 

Materials Gate, 3D Printing with Plants, 2017

 

Health Medicine Network, 3D-Printing with Plants, 2017

 

Phys.org, 3-D printing with cellulose: World's most abundant polymer could rival petroleum-based plastics, 2017

 

MIT News, 3D-Printing with Cellulose, 2017

 

Nature World News, Researchers Use Cellulose as Renewable, Biodegradable 3D Printing Material, 2017

 

3Ders.org, 3D printing with cellulose: MIT researchers turn common organic polymer into 3D printing material, 2017

 

All3DP.com, 3D Printing With Cheap Bio-Polymer Cellulose One Step Closer, 2017

 

Materials Today, Cellulose not just for printing on but with, 2017

 

NCYT, Impresión 3D usando celulosa como "tinta", 2017

 

Prothom Alo, Plants to replace polymers for 3D printing, 2017

 

Controlled Environments, Cellulose used for 3D printing, 2017

 

AZO Materials, Researchers Achieve Breakthrough in Using Cellulose for 3D printing, 2017

 

The Asian Age, Green 3D Printing Comes Closer to Reality, 2017

 

Deccan Chronicle, Green 3D Printing Comes Closer to Reality, 2017

 

The Freepress Journal, Cellulose to make way for green 3D printing, 2017

 

Zee News (India), Plant Cellulose may Replace Plastic in 3D Printing, 2017

 

The Siasat Daily, Green 3D-Printing comes closer to reality, 2017

 

The Indian Express, Plant cellulose may soon replace plastics as a biodegradable alternative in 3D printing, 2017

 

The Hindu Business Line, ’Plant cellulose may replace plastic in 3D printing’, 2017

 

Business Standard, 'Plant cellulose may replace plastic in 3D printing', 2017

 

Daily News & Analysis, 'Plant cellulose may replace plastic in 3D printing', 2017

 

CanIndia News, Plants can replace polymers for 3-D printing, 2017

 

Business Standard, Plants can replace polymers for 3-D printing, 2017

 

Zee News (India), It's reality now: Green 3D-printing arrives, 2017

 

Deccan Chronicle, 'Cellulose may replace plastic in 3D printing', 2017

 

Technology Org, 3-D printing with cellulose, 2017

 

New Kerala, Green 3D-printing comes closer to reality, 2017

 

Zee News (India), Green 3D printing is in the offing, 2017

 

Business Standard, Green 3D Printing Comes Closer to Reality, 2017

 

myScience, 3D-Printing with Cellulose, 2017

 

EurekAlert!, 3D-Printing with Plants, 2017

 

Press